Putting them in the picture

 

 

This, the last posting of the Stothard sequence, contains four names of import: Ten Broeke, the Earl of Moira, Lord Rancliffe, and the Stadtholder.

This tight little group, standing immediately behind the Prince Regent (Dr Boyes makes up the quintet) tells its own story about perceived importance in the eyes of Stothard. Or possibly, if the portrait represented a single event, how they perceived their own importance at the time. If this were a sort of historical photograph, their positioning by design or a degree of elbow-jostling infers a status on the individuals. The closer you were to the future king at an event might indicate how close you were to the future king. The positioning is highly likely to have been choreographed in a real event. If it were a composite image of a number of similar events, quite possibly Stothard was instructed where to place people. On the other hand, the darker colours are enhanced by the splendid scarlet of the uniform jacket so for artistic licence it works. We are not party to all the preparation for event or image so we can only speculate whether deeper meaning can be read into this grouping or not.

Anthony Ten Broeke was certainly important in the School’s history. A founder of the Caledonian Lodge, Ten Broeke was also one of the nine freemasons who established the Royal Cumberland Freemasons’ School in 1788. Born in 1736, he would have been in his prime at the time. His surname is Dutch in origin and until very recently there was a serving Dutch politician of that name: Hans Ten Broeke. The surname appears to derive from ‘on the marsh’ – a broeke is a marshy area or a creek and, of course, is linked to the English word ‘brook’. So Anthony Ten Broeke would be Tony Marsh or Tony Brook perhaps.

This portrait of him is in the Library of Freemasonry having been presented in 1938 and since restored. It portrays him as Master of the Caledonian Lodge which he became in 1766.

The Caledonian Lodge itself has a strong association with the School. It has long supported the School financially – until 1978 when the present day school became independent – particularly when capital expenditure was required to meet the costs of development. For example, when the School moved from its first site in Somers Place East to its second, and first purpose-built establishment, in St George’s Fields, Southwark, the Caledonian lodge was on hand with support. The new site included a Committee Room

so meetings no longer had to be held in coffee houses etc. Said committee room required furnishing so the lodge presented to the School a fine set of 25 chairs which can still be found at the modern day School.

One of these chairs, known as the King’s Chair, is the one used by any visiting royalty and has a label attached to it identifying the occasions when it was thus used.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anthony Ten Broeke left a masonic dynasty in the lodge, with the Master in its 250th year, Graham Ten Broeke, continuing the family tradition. Indeed, a celebration was held at the School to mark this occasion as an indication of the longevity of the association.

Ten Broeke died in 1812 and is buried in Austin Friars Churchyard (Nederlandse Kerk Londen) in the North Aisle. This church was destroyed by fire in 1862 and its replacement destroyed in the Blitz. The current church on this site was built in the 1950s.

The Earl of Moira also has a connection with the School that goes beyond the individual depicted by Stothard. When the School moved to its current site in 1934, the eight boarding houses were given names that reflected the School’s history. One of those names was Moira. Francis Edward Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings, was known as The Earl of Moira between 1793 and 1816 – so whichever of the dates we select for the Stothard portrait, he was the Earl of Moira in it. He had served with British forces during the American Revolutionary War and in 1794 during the French Revolution, hence his depiction in military uniform.

http://www.britannica.com

He married late in life (he was fifty at the time) and, as this was on 12 July 1804, he was single at the time of the portrait. He and his wife, Flora Campbell, Countess of Loudoun, had six children. It would appear to have been a love match as, after his death at sea off Naples in 1824 and following his earlier directions, she arranged for his right hand to be cut off and preserved, to be buried with her when she died. He had been serving as Governor of Malta and had been on board the ship to return to his wife when he died. His body was laid to rest in Hastings Gardens, Valletta which is named for the Earl. His hand was eventually interred, clasped with hers, in the family vault at Loudoun Kirk.

He had inherited Donnington Hall from an uncle and then had it rebuilt in a Gothic style at about the date of the Stothard portrait. Requisitioned at the start of World War I by the British government and turned into a prisoner of war camp, it is now the headquarters of the Norton Motorcycle Company.

 

 

 

 

 

Lord Rancliffe, placed under the guardianship of the Earl of Moira when his father died, was George Augustus Henry Anne Parkyns (1785-1850). He was given his first two forenames in honour of his godfather, later George IV. So his position in the Stothard portrait is explained by his connections to both the Earl of Moira and the Prince Regent. Strictly, however, he should not have been referred to as Lord Rancliffe in the portrait as he did not succeed to the baronetcy until 1806. However, the Right Hon The Lord Rancliffe is how he appears on the outline image.

https://www.grosvenorprints.com

On his 21st birthday he came into his inheritance which included an annual income of £21,000. A sum not to be sniffed at now, it was the equivalent of £5.5 million in today’s money. He also inherited the delightfully named Bunny Hall in Nottinghamshire which had been in the family since 1574.

https://houseandheritage.org/tag/lord-rancliffe/

Actually, the name Bunny is nothing to do with cute furry creatures but is derived from Old English Bune, meaning reed. In White’s Directory of Nottinghamshire, 1853 it is spelled Bunney.

In October 1807 – so still a very young man – Rancliffe married Lady Elizabeth Mary Theresa Forbes, daughter of the Earl of Granard, and also niece to the Earl of Moira. The marriage was not successful and they separated, although did not divorce. He returned to Nottinghamshire (from Paris) and there he made the acquaintance of Harriet Burtt. At that time, she was married to a GP, considerably older than she, who was confined to an asylum. Harriet became resident at Wymeswold (Leicestershire), under Rancliffe’s protection, and then later went to live with him at Bunny.

Bunny Hall December 1914 from http://www.bunnyvillage.org.uk/photos1.htm

Lord Rancliffe died at Bunny Hall on 1st November 1850, after a long illness. His will caused great consternation in the family because it said:

“I give Bunny Hall to Mrs Burtt for her life, and afterwards to whosoever she may appoint to inherit the said estates. I give Mrs Burtt, for her use entirely, all the goods, furniture, and pictures, with one exception; and I give her all my plate, together with the plated silver tureen and dishes with my crest. I also leave my silver tureen presented to me by the electors of Nottingham, to Mrs Burtt; and I also leave my horses and carriages at her entire disposal.”

Eleven years later, the will was contested by his brother-in-law but to no avail. Harriet Burtt was left in full enjoyment of the estate which at the time had an income of £7000 a year (equiv. of about £250,000 today).

Mrs Burtt bequeathed the estate to her niece, Arabella Hawksley, who married Mr Robert Wilkinson Smith in 1898. When Robert died, he left the greater part of his large fortune for the benefit of Nottingham’s poor widows and spinsters.

Our final member of the Stothard group is His Serene Highness, the Stadtholder, or William V, Prince of Orange. The use of the word ‘Serene’ here is to mean supreme or royal rather as ‘Sublime’ (Ambassador to the Sublime Porte) meant principal. Queen Mary, who opened the School on its present site, was born ‘Her Serene Highness Princess Mary of Teck’ but during WWI, George V revoked recognition of this style of title for members of the family living in Britain.

William was the last Stadtholder of the Dutch republic. Born in 1748, he went into exile in London in 1795 under the title of Prince of Nassau-Orange. On his death in 1806, that title was inherited by his son William, who returned to the Netherlands in 1813 and became the first Dutch monarch from the House of Orange (William I). As a European royal, it does not come as a surprise to find that William V was related to the Prince Regent as he was George III’s cousin.

The title Stadtholder is roughly comparable to England’s historic title Lord Lieutenant and was elected rather than inherited. However, In 1747 the office had been made hereditary. William IV was the first of these and William V the last. However, what would have been William VI, the Stadtholder, became instead William I, the first King of the Netherlands. His direct descendants still hold the title (currently Willem-Alexander).

 

We began this little group with one person of Dutch descent and, rather neatly, we end with another. The portrait, so familiar to the School, has taken on a new life in the identification of many of the people portrayed in it. It is now not just Ruspini leading the children before assembled Freemasons but represents a moment in time recorded for future generations to witness the extraordinary breadth of support the School received.

The Life of Reilly

To be entirely accurate, Fanny Susan Craig was only a Reilly upon her marriage but, as she was barely 18 when she married, it was the greater part of her life. So we can stretch a point.

Born in India, that sub-continent and the military life in general informed a large part of her life. She was born on 8 September 1865 and baptised almost a month later (4 Oct 1865) in Bangalore Holy Trinity. This was built in 1851 for the British army regiments stationed there and is large enough to seat 700 people. (The School Chapel, as a comparison, seats 500.) Fanny’s baptismal record gives her father as Alexander Craig, Serjeant H M’s 2/10th (Infantry regiment) and her mother as Ellen Craig. The 2/10th is now the Lincolnshire Regiment.

Bangalore church
Holy Trinity, Bangalore

http://www.flickr.com/photos/haynes/410872049/sizes/z/in/photostream/ (creative commons)

external image from https://raxacollective.wordpress.com/2012/09/11/finding-history-in-high-tech/

Bangalore
Holy Trinity

Holy Trinity Church, Bangalore (1922), by Rev. Frank Penny’s Book ‘The Church in Madras’

Her father was a career soldier as was his father Hamilton. Alexander had been baptised in 1834 at St John the Evangelist, Lambeth while his father was stationed at St George’s Barracks nearby. By 1841, young Alexander was being educated by the Royal Military Asylum which he left in 1848, discharged to his parents. In 1851 he was a drummer boy in 2nd Battalion Grenadier Guards and then joined the 10th regiment of Foot, 2nd Battalion where his subsequent postings included South Africa (where he first became a Freemason) and India – and probably Ireland too as, in December 1859 he married an Irish girl, Ellen Reddan, in Ballysax, Kildare, Ireland.

Ballysax
Google Earth map showing Ballysax

Coincidentally, the father of another pupil of the School was also in the 1st Battalion and his daughter, Rose, was born in Japan. However, Fanny left the School just as Rose joined it so they are unlikely to have known each other.

By 1863, the Craig family were in South Africa and one of their children was born there. Alexander was a member of a lodge in King William Town so this is probably where his regiment was based. It is where the 1st Bn had been before leaving for Japan. From there, the Craigs went to India where Fanny and her brother were both born. It is also where their father died of dysentery, aged just 36, on 13 Aug 1871, buried the same day at St Mary’s, Madras.

St Mary
St Mary’s Church, Madras (now Chenai)

Fanny was elected to the School in April 1875 with 927 votes and joined on 19 August 1875 (Register reference & accession number  GBR 1991 RMIG 3/2/1/1 A12013). Of her school career nothing is now recorded other than that she left in September 1881. It is not noted in School records what she intended to do upon leaving school but by 1882 she was back in India and it may be that she returned immediately upon leaving. On December 6 1882, she married Thomas Burke Reilly in Sitapur, Bengal.

Sitapur
Bengal region showing Sitapur

Thomas was 29 years old to Fanny’s 18 but, as her mother was a witness to the wedding, it must be assumed that she approved. Thomas was a Barrack Sergeant in the PWD.

“The Public Works Department was a government department that was responsible for buildings, roads, irrigation and railways. Public Works in India, such as the construction of roads, water tank, etc. was originally conducted by the military.” (Wikipedia)

The Reilly’s three children were all born in India between 1883 and 1893: Trevor Burke, Mabel Evelyn and Violet Ethel. [In yet another of those extraordinary cris-crossings of coincidence, Violet later served as a VAD in Malta at the same time as another former pupil, Dorothy Mortimer Watson, was also nursing there. Dorothy subsequently lost her life in Malta and is the only former pupil to die on active service in WWI.]

The Reilly family continued to live in India until the C20th. In fact, Fanny only ever appears on two census returns in Britain: one when she was at school and the other after her husband retired and they returned Home. She was probably still in India in 1906 as her daughter, Mabel, was married in Quetta, Bengal but by 1911, Thomas & Fanny had returned to UK and were at 100 Chichester Road Portsmouth.

Chichester Rd
100 Chichester Rd today

Image above taken from Google earth

Perhaps their place of residence inspired their son as Trevor continued the family tradition of military service, albeit on water rather than on land. He served with the Royal Naval Reserve on HMS Topaze.

HMS Topaze
HMS Topaze

Ship image taken from http://www.naval-history.net/OWShips-WW1-05-HMS_Topaze.htm

Like his grandfather before him, he also died whilst in service. On 28 Nov 1918 he died of pneumonia when his ship was off Aden. He is buried in Al-Maala, Aden (now Yemen).

The ship’s log for 28 Nov records his death and burial. (http://www.naval-history.net/OWShips-WW1-05-HMS_Topaze.htm)

Lat 12.83, Long 45.0

am: Hands care & maintenance.

am & pm: Hands disinfecting ship.

am: Lieut. Reilly RNR died in Hospital.

pm: Funeral of Lieut. Reilly RNR

His grave is marked by a cross and the words ‘Until the day dawn’ placed there by his wife (Fanny’s daughter in law). The cemetery records also tell us that Thomas and Fanny were living at the time in High Park, Ryde although their son and his wife had an address in Preston Rd, Brighton.

Fanny’s address had become Woodham Lodge, Hill Road, Ryde by 1939 although the street map shows that High Park Rd is a continuation of Hill Rd so it may, in fact, be the same address. By this time, however, Fanny had been widowed as Thomas died in 1933.

1939 OS map
1939 map from FindMyPast 1937-1961 1:25000 OS map

Her final address was Stella Maris, 40 Melville St, Ryde. This is closer to the shoreline than Hill Rd, running more or less parallel to the Esplanade. Perhaps the name of the property hints that it had a sea view: Stella Maris or Star of the Sea. Fanny died on 30 November 1948, aged 85, with probate granted to her unmarried daughter, Violet: the life of Reilly brought to a gentle halt.

Melville
Melville St, Ryde

Image above from Google Earth

 

 

And then we went to war: Part Two

The remaining ten of the former pupils undertaking war work were all involved in nursing in some capacity.

Margaret Josephine Bailey is recorded in the 1911 census as a nurse and, as she left school in 1901, had probably been nursing for some time before the war began. During it, she was a ward sister at the Royal Victoria Hospital in Boscombe. Built in the 1880s, this hospital in Shelley Rd continued to serve the community. A question raised in parliament in 1965 notes that the accommodation falls short of the standard but that “in the long term, it is intended that the Royal Victoria Hospital should be replaced by a district general hospital.” http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1965/jul/19/royal-victoria-hospital-boscombe. It was certainly a long term solution – the hospital was not finally replaced until 1993! Margaret did not live to see it. Although she lived to be 85, the hospital, built at about the time she was born, lasted until its 11th decade. Continue reading